Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin, which is determined by the amount and type of melanin in the skin. While pigmentation is natural and normal, it can also be a source of concern for many individuals when it becomes uneven or excessive. Hyperpigmentation occurs when there is an overproduction of melanin, resulting in dark spots or patches on the skin. This can be caused by sun exposure, hormonal changes, or skin injuries.
There are several treatments available to help address pigmentation concerns, including topical creams, chemical peels, and laser therapy. However, it's important to protect the skin from sun damage and maintaining a healthy skincare routine to prevent further pigmentation issues.